Saturday, June 29, 2013

Hal Roach

Hal Roach owned the studio which produced the Laurel and Hardy films as well as the Our Gang comedies, the Thelma Todd series, and many others.

Hal Roach

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hal Roach, Sr.
HalRoach 001a.jpg
BornHarold Eugene Roach
(1892-01-14)January 14, 1892
Elmira, New York, United States
DiedNovember 2, 1992(1992-11-02) (aged 100)
Los Angeles, California, United States
Cause of deathPneumonia
Resting placeWoodlawn Cemetery
Years active1912–92
Spouse(s)Marguerite Nichols
(m.1915–41; her death)
Lucille Prin
(m.1942–81; her death)
ChildrenHal Roach, Jr.,
Margaret Roach
Elizabeth Roach (1945–1946)
Maria Watkins
Jeanne Roach
Bridget Anderson
Harold Eugene "Hal" Roach, Sr. (January 14, 1892 – November 2, 1992) was an American film and television producer and director, and actor from the 1910s to the 1990s.


Early life and career

Hal Roach was born in Elmira, New York, the grandson of Irish Immigrants.[1] A presentation by the great American humorist Mark Twain impressed Roach as a young grade school student.
After an adventurous youth that took him to Alaska, Hal Roach arrived in Hollywood, California in 1912 and began working as an extra in silent films. Upon coming into an inheritance, he began producing short comedies in 1915 with his friend Harold Lloyd, who portrayed a character known as Lonesome Luke.
Also in 1915, Roach married actress Marguerite Nichols. They had two children, Hal, Jr. (June 15, 1918 – March 29, 1972) and Margaret M. Roach (March 15, 1921 – November 22, 1964). In 1941, his wife of 26 years, Marguerite, died.
After Marguerite's death Roach married a second time on September 1, 1942 to Lucille Prin (January 20, 1913 – April 4, 1981), a Los Angeles secretary.[2] They were married at the on-base home of Colonel Franklin C. Wolfe and his wife at Wright-Patterson Airfield in Dayton, Ohio where Roach was stationed at the time while serving as a Major in the US Army Air Corps.[2] They had four children, Elizabeth Carson Roach (December 26, 1945 – September 5, 1946), Maria May Roach (April 14, 1947), Jeanne Alice Roach (October 7, 1949), and Kathleen Bridget Roach (January 29, 1951).

Success as a comedy producer

Unable to expand his studios in downtown Los Angeles because of zoning, Roach purchased what became the Hal Roach Studios from Harry Culver in Culver City, California. During the 1920s and 1930s, he employed Lloyd (his top money-maker until his departure in 1923), Will Rogers, Max Davidson, the Our Gang kids, Charley Chase, Harry Langdon, Thelma Todd, ZaSu Pitts, Patsy Kelly and, most famously, Laurel and Hardy. During the 1920s Roach's biggest rival was producer Mack Sennett. In 1925 Roach hired away Sennett's supervising director, F. Richard Jones.
Roach released his films through Pathé Exchange until 1927, when he went to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. He converted his silent movie studio to sound in 1928 and began releasing talking shorts early in 1929. In the days before dubbing, foreign language versions of the Roach comedies were created by re-shooting each film in the Spanish, French, and sometimes Italian and German languages. Laurel & Hardy, Charley Chase, and the Our Gang kids (some of whom had barely begun school) were required to recite the foreign dialogue phonetically, often working from blackboards hidden off camera.
In 1931, with the release of the Laurel & Hardy film Pardon Us, Roach began producing occasional full-length features alongside the short product. Short subjects became less profitable and were phased out by 1936, save for Our Gang. In 1937, Roach conceived a joint business venture partnering with Vittorio Mussolini, son of fascist Italian dictator Benito Mussolini to form a production company called "R.A.M" (Roach and Mussolini). This proposed business alliance with Mussolini caused MGM to intervene and force Roach to pay his way out of the venture. This embarrassment, coupled with the underperformance of much of Roach's new feature product (save for Laurel & Hardy films and the odd non-L&H hit such as 1937's Topper), lead to the end of Roach's relationship with MGM. [3] In May 1938, Roach ended his distribution contract with MGM, selling them the production rights to and actors' contracts for Our Gang in the process, and signed with United Artists.[3]
From 1937 to 1940, Roach concentrated on producing glossy features, abandoning low comedy almost completely. Most of his new films were either sophisticated farces (like Topper and The Housekeeper's Daughter) or rugged action fare (like Captain Fury and One Million B.C.). Roach's one venture into heavy drama was the acclaimed Of Mice and Men. The Laurel and Hardy comedies, once the Roach studio's biggest drawing cards, were now the studio's least important product and were phased out altogether in 1940.
In 1940, Roach experimented with medium-length featurettes, running 40 to 50 minutes each. He contended that these "streamliners", as he called them, would be useful in double-feature situations where the main attraction was a longer-length epic. Exhibitors agreed with him, and used Roach's mini-features to balance top-heavy double bills. United Artists continued to release Roach's streamliners through 1943. By this time Roach no longer had a resident company of comedy stars, and cast his films with familiar featured players (William Tracy and Joe Sawyer, Johnny Downs, Jean Porter, Frank Faylen, William Bendix, George E. Stone, etc.).

World War II and television

Hal Roach, Sr. was called to active military duty in June 1942, at age 50, and the studio output he oversaw in uniform was converted from entertainment featurettes to military training films. The studios were leased to the U.S. Army Air Forces, and the First Motion Picture Unit made 400 training, morale and propaganda films at "Fort Roach." Members of the unit included Ronald W. Reagan and Alan Ladd.
In 1947, Hal Roach resumed production for theaters, with former Harold Lloyd co-star Bebe Daniels as an associate producer. Roach was the first Hollywood producer to go to an all-color production schedule, making four streamliners in Cinecolor, although the increased production costs did not result in increased revenue. In 1948, with his studio deeply in debt, Roach re-established his studio for television production, with Hal Roach, Jr., producing shows such as The Stu Erwin Show, Steve Donovan, Western Marshal, Racket Squad, The Public Defender, The Gale Storm Show, and My Little Margie, and independent producers leasing the facilities for such programs as Amos 'n' Andy, The Life of Riley, and The Abbott and Costello Show. By 1951, the studio was producing 1,500 hours of television programs a year, nearly three times Hollywood's annual output of feature movies.[4]
The visionary Roach also recognized the value of his film library. Beginning in 1943 he licensed revivals of his sound-era productions for theatrical and home-movie distribution. Roach's films were also early arrivals on television; the Laurel & Hardy comedies in particular were a smashing success in television syndication.

Later years

In 1955, Roach sold his interests in the production company to his son, Hal Roach, Jr., and retired from active production. Unfortunately, the younger Roach lacked much of his father's business acumen, and soon lost the studio to creditors. It was finally shut down in 1961.
For two more decades Roach Sr. occasionally worked as a consultant on projects related to his past work. Extremely vigorous into an advanced age, Roach contemplated a comedy comeback at 96. He was a guest on Late Night with David Letterman in 1982, where he recounted experiences with such stars as Stan Laurel and Jean Harlow; he even did a brief, energetic demonstration of a hula dance.
In 1984, 92-year old Roach was presented with an honorary Academy Award. Former Our Gang members Jackie Cooper and George "Spanky" McFarland made the presentation to a flattered Roach, with McFarland thanking the producer for hiring him 53 years prior.
In the spring of 1992, not long after his 100th birthday, Roach once again appeared at the Academy Awards ceremony, hosted by Billy Crystal. When Mr. Roach rose from the audience to speak during the ceremony, the sound system did not pick up his words. Crystal quipped "I think that's fitting, after all — Mr. Roach started in silent film..." At the 42nd Berlin International Film Festival, Roach was given the honorary award of the Berlinale Camera.[5]


Hal Roach died from pneumonia on November 2, 1992, two months short of his 101st birthday, at his home in Bel Air, California. He was married twice, and had four children (two of whom he outlived by more than twenty years) and a number of grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Roach is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery in Elmira, New York, where he grew up. Roach outlived many of the Our Gang children who starred in his pictures.

Hal Roach Studios

The 14.5 acre (58,680 m²) studio once known as "The Lot of Fun," containing 55 buildings, was torn down in 1963 (despite tentative plans to reopen the facilities as "Landmark Studios") and replaced by light industrial buildings, businesses, and an automobile dealership. Today, Culver City's "Landmark Street" runs down what was the middle of the old studio lot, with the two original sound stages having been located on the north side of Landmark Street, and the backlot/city street sets had been located at the eastern end of Landmark Street. A plaque sits in a small park across from the studio's location, placed there by The Sons of the Desert.[6]
Most of the film library was bought in 1971 by a Canadian company that adopted the "Hal Roach Studios" name. It primarily handled the business of keeping the library in the public eye and licensing products based upon the classic film series.
In 1983, Hal Roach Studios was one of the first studios to venture into the controversial business of film colorization, creating digitally colored versions of several Laurel and Hardy features, the Frank Capra film It's a Wonderful Life, Night of the Living Dead, and other popular films. In the 1980s, Hal Roach Studios produced Kids Incorporated in association with old business partner MGM. During the 1980s, Hal Roach Studios distributed its classic film library, as well as films in the public domain, on home video. From 1988 to 1990, while producing Kids Incorporated, Hal Roach Studios was known as Qintex.
In the years that followed, the Roach company changed hands several more times. Independent television producer Robert Halmi bought the company in the early 1990s, and it became RHI Entertainment. A short time later, this successor company was acquired by Hallmark Entertainment in 1994, but Halmi, Robert Halmi Jr. and affiliates of Kelso & Company reacquired the company in 2006. Hallmark Entertainment was absorbed into RHI Entertainment (with Vivendi as the current home video output partner).
In that same decade, a new incarnation of Hal Roach Studios (operated by the Roach Trust) was established, and today this new version of the company has released classic films on DVD, many of which are from Roach's own archival prints of his films, while others are public domain titles mastered from the best available 35 mm elements.


  1. ^ "Hal Roach". Retrieved 2012-06-13.
  2. ^ a b "Movie Producer Married At 50 To Secretary, 29". Coshocton, Ohio: The Coshocton Tribune. September 1, 1942. p. 5.
  3. ^ a b Ward, Richard Lewis (2005). A History of Hal Roach Studios. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press. Pg. 97-102, 116, 225. ISBN 0-8093-2637-X.
  4. ^ "Hollywood Is Humming", Time, October 29, 1951.
  5. ^ "Berlinale: 1992 Prize Winners". Retrieved 2011-03-27.
  6. ^ Culver City History: Hal Roach Studios, Retrieved August 23, 2008

Further reading

  • Richard Lewis Ward. A History of the Hal Roach Studios. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2005.

External links

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It was the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini who wanted Roach to come to Italy to make movies. The project was cancelled due to pressure from MGM, but after Rosina Lawrence had left for Italy, where she ended up making a different movie, COMPAGNE E CADUTA UNA STELLA (released in the United States in 1947 as IN THE COUNTRY FELL A STAR ). War broke out in Europe after the film was completed and nobody had anything good to say about Mussolini after that, Roach included.

Roach's being called back into the army during the war and the use of his studio by the army to make training films interrupted his film career, but it also helped to confirm his place in history as someone who was on the side of the allies in the fight against the Axis.

Roach was successful in producing television programs after the war, and a number of fondly remembered series were filmed there, including THE ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN and THE ABBOTT AND COSTELLO SHOW. Thelma Todd's old teammate Zasu Pitts returned for a series with Gale Storm, MY LITTLE MARGIE. There were plans to make a new series of Laurel and Hardy films for television, but Hardy's worsening health interfered and the series was never made.

Hal Roach lived to see the revival of interest in his old films on television and outlived most of his contemporaries at the age of a hundred. In his later years he attended meetings of "The Sons Of The Desert" when they gathered in Los Angeles to screen Laurel and Hardy films.

Hal Roach studios stationary.
Thelma Todd and friends in a 1931 publicity photo.
"Miss Crabtree" ( June Marlowe ) and the Our Gang kids.
June Marlowe was later replaced by Rosina Lawrence )
Hal Roach and the gang.

Roach with Laurel and Hardy.
With Laurel and Hardy and Thelma Todd at Roach's 20th Anniversary celebration in 1933.

Cary Grant, Sally Eilers, Hal Roach, and Elizabeth Jenns
In 1937 Hal Roach, left, was photographed with Vittorio Mussolini, the son of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. In this picture Mussolini strikes up a pose characteristic of his father, which was supposed to be a gag.
Vittorio had been a participant in his father's war against Ethiopia, then called Abyssinia. There were protests in Hollywood over Roach's proposed alliance with someone who had waged a war of conquest against an African nation.
ONE MILLION BC made Carole Landis a star.
The remake made Raquel Welch a star,

it was made in England, but Hal Roach was listed as "associate producer".


Hal Roach interview on youtube


Benito Mussolini:

Vittorio Mussolini:

Hal Roach:

Hal Roach Back Lot:

Hal Roach filmography:


Friday, June 28, 2013

Toby Wing In Dick Tracy Comics

Thirties blonde Toby Wing inspired a character in thirties Dick Tracy comics.

                                                                     Toby Wing

Toby Townly

Toby Townly first appeared in DICK TRACY in the Sunday strip for May 26th, 1935, as a cashier working for Mary Steele, who was the recently introduced mother of "Junior". Toby's boyfriend is a bank teller who "borrows" money from the bank to bet on horses without bothering to make the proper arrangements. When he gets in trouble, he shoots the bookie who'd taken his bets and is killed by the other gangsters in revenge, who then frame Toby for shooting a cop. She gets sent to prison*, but is finally freed because Dick Tracy learns the truth by giving the killer a lie detector test. But right before she can be released there is a riot in the prison and she is blinded by tear gas.

Junior trains his dog to be a "seeing-eye dog" for Toby and for some time she is led about the strip

by the dog. Eventually she recovers her eyesight and no longer needs the dog. Toby Townly continued as a character for several years, even after Toby Wing had retired from the movies in 1938. But eventually Toby Townly was retired from the strip and Chester Gould went on to something else.

In 1982, the character was revived after a long absence by writer Max Allan Collins, who ignored the marriage the character originally had in the story to have her marry Dick Tracy's friend Pat Patton.




 The marriage of Toby Townly and Pat Patton can be seen as related to developments in the original DICK TRACY, where the two characters were shown as going around together, leading Tracy to comment, "You know- you two look terribly suspicious to me, terribly suspicious." ( March 4, 1936 )

Toby Wing in real life was alleged to have been involved with Pat DiCicco's cousin Cubby Broccoli, who was alleged in turn to have underworld connections. But at least she didn't have to go to prison like the comic strip version.

* Writing in THE COMPLETE CHESTER GOULD'S DICK TRACY: 1935-1936, Max Allan Collins remarked that the prison sequence "recalls Barbara Stanwyck's 1932 Pre-Code feature, LADIES THEY TALK ABOUT."

Dick Tracy Comicooky Baking Set ( Includes Toby Townly as a character ):

Toby Wing:

Toby Wing in Dick Tracy:


Monday, June 24, 2013


THE TIN MAN is A 1935 entry in the Thelma Todd and Patsy Kelly series. I happened to find it on youtube. It may not be there for long because they tend to remove films that are still under copyright, but for the moment it can be seen there.

The title of this movie is meant to be a parody of the "Thin Man" movies which starred William Powell and Myrna Loy, although the "Tin Man" in the story can be seen as another version of the Frankenstien monster from another film series of the time. Today the term "Tin Man" is usually thought of in connection with the character in THE WIZARD OF OZ, particularly the character played by Jack Haley in the 1939 version with Judy Garland. Oliver Hardy had played the same character in the 1935 silent version with Larry Semon.

 The story involves a mad scientist and his woman-hating robot as well as a stray gangster who sneaks in on the proceedings and proceeds to get clobbered along with the others, leading to his pleading to be returned to the peaceful penitentiary at the end. . Also in the cast are Matthew Betz, Clarence Wilson, and Billy Bletcher (the voice of the Tin Man ).



THE WIZARD OF OZ ( Silent version with Oliver Hardy as the Tin Man ):

THE WIZARD OF OZ ( 1939 version with Jack Haley as the Tin Man ):

THE WIZARD OF OZ web site:


Friday, June 21, 2013

More From PHOTOPLAY In The Thirties

More from the magazine PHOTOPLAY.

                                                                              Thelma Todd in CORSAIR

    Thelma Todd in Corset.



Judy Holliday

Today would have been Judy Holliday's birthday.

I always liked Judy Holliday, but I haven't seen any of her movies in years.

Judy Holliday:


Monday, June 17, 2013

Photo Autographed By Thelma Todd, Zasu Pitts, And Stax

Something that turned up on ebay.

 "This photograph was taken by Bug "Stax" Graves, the renowned stills photographer who worked at the Hal Roach Studios and features his rubber stamp credit on the verso (PLEASE CREDIT - Photo By - STAX). This photograph has been inscribed by both Zasu Pitts and Thelma Todd to film editor JACK OGILVIE, who left his employ at the Roach Studio after the making of THE BARGAIN OF THE CENTURY (1933), co-starring Zasu Pitts and Thelma Todd.  Miss Pitts' inscription is written in blue ink and reads: "To Jack - Success in your new venture - Sincerely - Zasu Pitts."  Miss Todd's inscription is written in a slightly darker blue ink and reads: "To Jack, One real cutter - Good luck to you - Sincerely, Thelma Todd."  In addition, this photograph has also been signed by the photographer, Bud "Stax" Graves, in the lower right corner in pencil (Stax)

Being a still photographer, Stax Graves was apparently never given onscreen credit, and indeed, this filmography is limited to the few films for which he's given 'uncredited' credit in the Internet Movie Database. Exactly when Graves started with Hal Roach Studios and when he departed is not entirely clear. Very little is mentioned about him in the various books written about the Roach comedians. But we do know that Graves was working with the Roach studio by the beginning of August 1922, the point in time when the studio payroll summaries begin to name names. It's clearly possible that Graves was taking Our Gang photos from the very start of the series. Graves also shot still photos for all of the various other series at Roach, and IMDb lists his involvement with four of the Laurel & Hardy features made in the late thirties. He presumably stayed with Roach as Our Gang moved on to MGM, so his association with that series would have lasted from 1922 until 1938. It's more than apparent that he shot still photos for scores of Our Gang films, since his name appears on the backs of quite a few press photos, where he's identified simply as "Stax" (from Wikipedia)."


 Thelma Todd's autograph is not as rare as some people think it is, but I don't know how often you'd turn up something that was autographed by not only Thelma Todd, but Zasu Pitts and Stax as well.



Sunday, June 16, 2013

Carole Landis - "Lucky Landis"

An article about Carole Landis that was published during the earlier part of her career in HOLLYWOOD magazine.

Reblogged from

Carole Landis took the name "Carole" after Carole Lombard.

The VARSITY SHOW director who wanted her in more scenes presumably was Busby Berkely, the dance director. The movie with Don Ameche and Betty Grable was released as MOON OVER MIAMI.

The tone of this article was optimistic, but the future of Carole Landis would not always seem bright and the studios would not always treat her well.


Thursday, June 13, 2013

Nell O'Day

Nell O'Day was in a number of the films of the thirties. But she went on to become a writer afterwords, so she had a whole other career after having been an actress.

Nell O'Day with Harry Langdon and Vernon Dent

Nell O'Day

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nell O'Day
Born(1909-09-22)September 22, 1909
Prairie Hill, Texas, USA
DiedJanuary 3, 1989(1989-01-03) (aged 79)
Los Angeles, California, USA
OccupationFilm actress
Nell O'Day (September 22, 1909 – January 3, 1989) was an accomplished equestrian and B-movie actress of the 1930s and 1940s. Born in Prairie Hill, Texas, O'Day was a good looking woman in her youth, and had her first screen roles in the 1920s as a teenager.
Her first starring role was in 1932 when she starred in Rackety Rax opposite Victor McLaglen and Greta Nissan. From 1933 through 1940 she would star in nineteen films, with only a small number of those being western films. Starting in 1941 she began starring in roles placing her as the heroine in westerns, often opposite Johnny Mack Brown, Ray "Crash" Corrigan, Max Terhune, and John 'Dusty' King.
In 1942 she starred as the heroine in several cliffhanger episodes of Perils of the Royal Mounted. In 1943, under contract with Republic Pictures, she began starring in the serial films the Three Mesquiteers, alongside Bob Steele, Tom Tyler and Jimmie Dodd. Her last starring role was in 1943, in the film Boss of the Rawhide, opposite Dave O'Brien. She had one more role, in 1946 when she starred in The Story of Kenneth W. Randall M.D., but concentrated mostly on writing screenplays and stage plays.
She spent the rest of her life writing for stage and screen. She died of a heart attack on January 3, 1989, in Los Angeles, California.

External links

I would have said "series films" for "The Three Mesquiteers" rather than "serial films", to avoid confusion with what are here called "cliffhangers".

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In the 1930's, blondes were very popular and Nell O'Day was one of the blondes. She was still working in the movies as well as on stage in the early forties, but ended up working behind the scenes. Fans of classic comedy films will remember her from her early roles in two - reel comedies with Harry Langdon and Shemp Howard

Nell O'Day in 1929 Paramount theaters production of LACES AND GRACES

Label added by an ebay seller.

And a note of explanation by Nell O'Day  herself.

Some of Nell O'Day's earliest roles were in two-reel comedies. Here we see her with Harry Langdon in KNIGHT DUTY ( 1933 )

and Shemp Howard in SERVES YOU RIGHT ( 1935 )

                                                        Some early publicity photos.


 Nell O'Day appeared in a number of western movies.
She frequently costarred with Johnny Mack Brown.
Here we see her on a poster with John "Dusty" King

for one of Monogram's "Range Busters" westerns.

Here we see Nell O'Day in another of the "Range Busters" series,
wit Max Terhune, his dummy "Elmer", Ray "Crash" Corrigan, and John King in ARIZONA STAGECOACH ( 1942 ). Max Terhune and Crash Corrigan had previously been in the "Three Mesquiteers" series at Republic and they had the Dummy in those, too.
With Jim Newill in THE RETURN OF THE RANGERS ( 1943 ).

Nell O'Day was co-author of the 1944 PRC movie THE MONSTER MAKER with her husband Larry
Williams, but only he recieved screen credit, and neither of them got paid for it. This movie was shown on the PBS series MATINEE AT THE BIJOU.
Nell O'Day eventually stopped acting and turned to writing full time. She also worked on television and some industrial films in the 1950's.

In later years, Nell O'Day was interviewed and archival audio featuring her was used in a Harry Landgon DVD set, THE HARRY LANGDON COLLECTION: LOST AND FOUND.



Nell O'Day: